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To equality, and equal legal protection
To life, liberty, security of the person, and bodily integrity
To personal autonomy and recognition before the law
To freedom of thought, opinion, and expression; to association
To health and to the benefits of scientific progress
To choose whether or not to marry, to plan a family, and to decide whether or not to have children and how/when to have them
|Constitution of Belize||
To equality, and equal legal protection: Contained within the Preamble (b), s.3 (a) - “and the protection of the law”, s.6(1) - “All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law” and s.16 - discriminatory treatment.
To live free of all forms of discrimination based on their sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression and sexual characteristics: Sex under s.3 and 16(3) and the Constitution. Sexual Orientation is not expressly stated but in the case of Caleb Orozco v Attorney General of Belize, Chief Justice Kenneth Benjamin clarified that ‘sex’ under s.16(3) “is to be interpreted to extend to “sexual orientation.”
YES to life (s.3(a) & s.4(1)), liberty (s.3(a)), security of the person(s.3(a)) all under the Constitution but NO to bodily integrity.
To privacy - Under the Constitution s.3(c) - “his personal privacy, the privacy of his home and other property” and s.14(1) - “A person shall not be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his privacy.”
To freedom of thought (s.11(1)), opinion (s.12(1)) expression (s.3(b)) and to association (s.3(b) and 13.1).
Recognition before the law: Under s.6(1), “all persons are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to the equal protection of the law.” A person cannot be equal before the law and protected by the law unless the person is first recognized by the law. As such, one can say that by allowing these rights, the law has recognized the person.
|The National Women's Commission Part 2 - Revised National Gender Policy 2013||
To equality: Under 3.0 Policy Vision - “a society in which all men and women, boys and girls...and are equal partners...for equal enjoyment of all” and 4.0 Guiding Principles - “Recognizing Belize’s international and national commitments to gender equality and equity.”
|Pan American Health Organization "Seminar on the Right to Health"||
Preamble b & e of Constitution. Furthermore, according to the Pan American Health Organization ‘Seminar on the Right to Health,’ it stated that while Belize’s domestic laws do not explicitly mention the words “right to health,” several documents such as the Belize Health Agenda 2007-2011 mention key aspects of the right to health.
|Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy 2002||
The right to comprehensive sexuality education and information on sexual and reproductive health has not been recognized and guaranteed in Belize. However, there seems to be a movement towards it according to the National Women’s The Revised National Gender Policy, Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy 2002 and HECOPAB Strategic Plan 2009-2011.
It speaks of equality based on sex but does not mention sexual orientation, gender identity or expression and sexual characteristics
|Getting To Zero Belize HIV Strategic Plan 2012-2016||
Under this Plan, page 25 addresses testing and counselling.
Yes, on specific grounds
Risk to the woman's life
Preserve woman's health
Congenital diseases or fetal malformation
Due to economic or social harships
The Government of Belize should issue an explicit recognition of “sexual rights” as part of human rights be officially legislated in Belizean law. This should include protection from discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression and sexual characteristics, sexual harassment, and the right to sexual and reproductive health services, information and education.
National authorities should issue recommendations in defense of sexual and reproductive rights, building on the 2018 International Women’s Day Statement, which acknowledged working on issues such as sexual harassment, violence against women, and discrimination against women.
The Department of Human Services should develop of a reporting mechanism, apart from the Ombudsman, which is transparent, efficient, and comprehensive, for citizens who have had their sexual and reproductive rights violated by public servants.
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Design policies and programmes aiming to eradicate discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in the exercise of sexual rights and the manifestations thereof
Promote policies that contribute to ensuring that people exercise their sexual rights, which encompass the right to a safe and full sex life and the right to take free, informed, voluntary, and responsible decisions on their sexuality, sexual orientation, and gender identity without coercion, discrimination, or violence, and to guaranteeing the right to information and to the necessary means for their sexual health and reproductive health
Promote, protect and guarantee sexual health and rights and reproductive rights in order to contribute to the fulfilment of persons and to social justice in a society free from all forms of discrimination and violence